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Ujung Kulon National Park

This national park, located in the extreme south-western tip of Java on the Sunda shelf, includes the Ujung Kulon peninsula and several offshore islands and encompasses the natural reserve of Krakatoa. In addition to its natural beauty and geological interest – particularly for the study of inland volcanoes – it contains the largest remaining area of lowland rainforests in the Java plain. Several species of endangered plants and animals can be found there, the Javan rhinoceros being the most seriously under threat.

Ujung Kulon National Park lies on the extreme south-western tip of Java within the administrative province of Java Barat (West Java) and the Kebupaten of Pandeglang.

Ujung Kulon is a triangular peninsula protruding from the south-west extremity of mainland Java, to which it is joined by a low isthmus some 1-2 km wide. The topography is dominated in the south-west by the three north-south aligned ridges of the Gunung Payung massif, with the peaks of Gunung Payung, Gunung Guhabendang and Gunung Cikuja forming the highest points on the peninsula. To the north-east, the relief attenuates to the low rolling hills and plains of the Telanca Plateau, and ultimately to the low-lying swamps in the region of the isthmus. To the east, the Gunung Honje massif forms the mainland component of the park. Coastal formations include a number of raised coral islands and their associated fringing reefs which lie off the northern coast of the peninsula, the largest of these being Pulau Handeuleum. To the south, the coastline is characterized by sand dune formations, areas of raised coral reef, and further west a long stretch of undermined and shattered sandstone slabs. Extensive coral reefs and spectacular volcanic formations occur along the exposed and broken west coast.

Geologically, Ujung Kulon, Gunung Honje and Pulau Panaitan are part of a young Tertiary mountain system, which overlies the pre-Tertiary strata of the Sunda Shelf. Lying on the edge of the tectonically active Sunda Shelf, Krakatau Nature Reserve comprises the central island of Anak Krakatau (child of Krakatau), and the peripheral islands of Rakata, Payang and Sertung with their surrounding coral reefs. These peripheral islands form the remnants of a single volcano (‘Ancient Krakatau’) which exploded and collapsed some 1,500 years ago leaving three remnant cones.

Vegetation has been subject to a number of anthropogenic and natural modifications, of which the most notable is the Krakatau eruption of 1883. As a result, primary lowland rainforest, the natural vegetation cover, now occupies only 50% of the total area, being largely confined to the Gunung Payung and Honje massifs.

A tall closed canopy forest occurs on Gunung Payung, on Pulau Peucang; vegetation of the Telanca Plateau and central lowlands is a more open secondary forest. Occurring along the northern promontory of Ujung Kulon near Tanjung, alang-alang is a seasonally inundated freshwater swamp forest. Mangrove forest occurs in a broad belt along the northern side of the isthmus, extending northwards as far as the Cikalong River, as well as to the north of Pulau Handeuleum and on the north-east coast of Pulau Panaitan. Beach forest occurs on nutrient-poor sandy ridges on the north and north-west coasts of Ujung Kulon.

Ujung Kulon is the last remaining viable natural refuge for Javan rhinoceros; Javan tiger was locally extirpated about 40 years ago. Other notable mammals include carnivores, such as leopard, wild dog (dhole), leopard cat, fishing cat, Javan mongoose and several civets. Of the primates, the endemic species Javan gibbon and Javan leaf monkey occur locally along with the endemic silvered leaf monkey, while crab-eating macaque is found throughout the park. Several ungulates range within the park, of which the largest and most abundant is banteng. A rich avifauna is present with over 270 species recorded. Terrestrial reptiles and amphibians include two species of python, as well as two crocodiles and numerous frogs and toads. Green turtle is known to nest within the park.

The rich coral reefs of the Ujung Kulon coast are dominated by a small number of species that make up some 90% of the coral mass; the marine areas of Ujung Kulon support some of the richest fish fauna in the archipelago, with both deep water and reef species well represented.

Pulau Panaitan has a Ganesha statue on the summit of Mount Raksa, an early Hindu archaeological relic from the 1st century AD, and the island is thought to have been an important staging post for sailing ships passing through the Sunda Straits. Captain James Cook is known to have anchored HMS Endeavour on the south-eastern side of Panaitan Island from 6-16 January 1771.

Room Description

Hotel Sarang Badak

is an inn has 11 rooms * (2 triples, 3 big bed, 3 twin and one single). Formed of 4 cottage / bungalow *, private patio, bathroom inside, large yard with beautiful natural shades and cool. Each cottage / bungalow consists of: Rhino, 2 rooms (fan), flora, 2 rooms (1 big bed room, 1 twin), fauna, 2 rooms (1 big bed room, 1 twin room) and Mahagony, 5 rooms ( 2 big bed rooms, 2 twin rooms and 1 single room)

Types of bungalow

– The latest upgrades Family Room

family room consists of one large room (spring bed), fan, TV, kitchen, dining room, and bathrooms

Rhinos, 2 rooms (triple)
Rhinos consists of 2 rooms with fan, 1 big bed (spring bed), 1 single (cotton mattress) using the bathroom in the shower, wc squat and private terrace. Suitable for big family, co-workers and friends theme rested to enjoy the holiday in the district. Wells with virgin beaches are still beautiful and rarely touched by visitors.

Flora, 2 rooms (1 big bed room, one twin room)
Flora consists of 2 rooms with Fan, 1 big bed room (spring bed), 1 twin room (spring bed) using the bathroom in the shower, wc and a private patio sitting area. Suitable for families, colleagues and friends who were enjoying a holiday in the district. Wells with virgin beaches are still beautiful and rarely touched by visitors.

Fauna, 2 rooms (1 big bed room, 1 twin room)
Fauna consists of 2 rooms with fan, 1 big bed room (spring bed), 1 room Tein (spring bed) using the bathroom in the shower, wc squat and spacious private terraces. Suitable for families, colleagues and friends who were enjoying a holiday in the district. Wells with virgin beaches are still beautiful and rarely touched by visitors.

Mahagony, 5 rooms (2 big bed, 2 twin and 1 single)
Mahagony consists of 5 rooms with fan, 2 big bed (mattress foam / cotton), 2 twin rooms (mattress foam / cotton) bathroom with a squat toilet and a TV on the porch were very extensive. Suitable for riders who are tired of you and will continue the journey the next day, and who want to vacation in the district. Wells with virgin beaches are still beautiful and rare tejamah by visitors.

Hotel Sarang Badak

Photo By. Volker kess

guesthouse and coffee shop “Sarang Badak” is part of the concept of environmental conservation and community empowerment in the District Ujungkulon National Park Sumur, Pandeglang, Banten province. “Hotel Sarang Badak” is located in the village Sumberjaya adjacent to the area honje mountain, is the last habitat, eagle Java, owa Java and tiger Java. with traditional architecture using local natural materials such as bamboo, wood, roofs (made of leaves chiral), cool village atmosphere, surrounded organic garden compost product results from the local community.

With a strategic location, just 5 minutes to the virgin beach (daplangu beach), oar islands and Mangir island, can visit them by fisher boat in one track, a great place for diving, snorkeling swim and enjoy the sunset. trekking to do in Mount honje, to enjoy the atmosphere of forests, which are Goa Lalay, waterfall (Curug Batu Belah), waterfall (Curug Cibayoni). with forest vegetation and forest primier secunder, with huge trees towering. Javan gibbon habitat, monkeys, several types of birds and reptiles.

activities with the community like, staying in the chart as a fisherman, see life, activity, and learning how the local fishermen catch the fish to continue to live

“Hotel Sarang Badak” is also as a tourist information center and the center of the living area of home community support Park.
That serves trips to Ujung Kulon, Panaitan island, Krakatau and its surroundings. Cigenter virgin river canoeing tour, trecking to the Coral Beds, encountered about and excursions and island kepulau Handeuleum Peucang. We provide boats, camping equipment, snorkeling, local guide, porters and other tourist needs.